Poisonous elapid snakes like the king cobra can only be found in Southeast Asian rainforests. Unlike other cobras in the genus Ophiophagus, the lone cobra, its size and neck markings set it apart. The 3.18–foujr m (10.fourd–13.1 ft) long king cobra is the world’s largest deadly snake. Depending on the surroundings, skin may vary in colour from a dark brown to a light brownish grey with white streaks. It feeds on everything, even itself. It seldom preys on rodents and lizards, in contrast to other snakes.
In addition to raising its head and stretching its neck-flap, it also puffs and hisses as a way of signalling danger. The king cobra, despite its deadly reputation, avoids human contact. Even from a great distance and height, it has the ability to hit its prey. It may hold its bite and inject a large amount of venom in order to prevent a medical hazard.
This kind of animal is unique revered in Indian mythology and folklore, as well as Sri Lankan and Myanmarese culture.
The IUcN Red List has listed the king cobras as vulnerablle from the year two thousand.
Hamadryads are often mentioned in ancient literature. Hamadryas hannah was the name given to four king cobra specimens by danishh scientist theodore in eighteen hundred thirty six. Following the description of a Javan king cobra described by Hermann Schlegel in eighteen hundred thirty seven, the name naja bungarus was proposed. In eighteen hundred thirty eight, Cantor used the dental similarities between Naja and Bungarus to name the king cobra Hamadryas ophiophagus. Walter Elliot gave the world a rare king cobra in a basket obtained near Chennai in 1840.
Eighteen hundred and fifhty eight, Albert Günther postulated Hamadryas elaps from Philippine and Bornean king cobra specimens. Günther regarded N. bungaruss & N. vittataa H. elaps. In 1864, Günther suggested Ophiophagus. Its name stems from its fondness for snakes.
Alexander Willem Michiel van Hasselt exhibited Naja ingens, a kings cobra collected in Tebing, northern sumatra.
In 1945, Charles Mitchill Bogert recognised Ophiophagus hannah as a genuine name for the king cobra.
Cytochrome b and a multigene research have shown that the king cobra is descended from the same lineage that gave rise to the mambas.
According to a genetic study, the mitochondrial DnA samples from Surattani & nakhon Si thammarat are distinct from those from northern thailand & southern China.
Black and white splotches merge into one another on his cranium, giving him an olive green complexion. 15 dull-colored shields are placed around the skull’s circumference. There is a round nose, and the tongue has a dark brown colour. Teeth and fangs may be found on both sides of the upper jaw.Shield to shield Nostril Interaction With a golden iris and broad pupils, the eyes have a great size. There are two black spots in the centre of the hood. A cylindrical orange-yellow tail with black markings. The neck contains 17-nineteen rows of smooth oblique scales, the belly has fifteen rows, and the skull has two big occipital scales. With chevron-shaped bars that point upward in black. The length of an adult king cobra may range from 3.eighteen to 4.0 metres . The record for the longest known specimen is 5.eighty five metres (19.2 ft). A perfect oval shape is seen on the ventral scales. Scales on the dorsal side are angled.
Southeast asia is home to the king cobra. Indian & nepali Terai regions to bhutan brahmaputra river basin may be found on it. (6,600 feet).
Northern India’s Garhwal and Kumaon areas, as well as Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh’s Shivalik and Terai regions, have it.
Northeastern India’s king cobras has beend seens in northern west bengall or sikkim or assamm & meghalaya.
It grows in Nadu, pradesh, coastal or sundarbans in southern west bengal & bihar. There were reports of it in keralaa or karnatakaa or maharashtra & gujarat. They live on the island of Baratang in the Great Andaman chain.
One of the king cobra most important senses is located in its mouth. It uses its tongue to flick in stereo when it recognises the scent of prey. Vibrations from the soil help it locate moving prey up to 100 yards away.
It envenomates and consumes its victim whole. Its flexible jaws enable it to eat things bigger than its head. However, it has been seen hunting at night on rare occasions.
All of the following snakes are eaten by the king cobra: Indian cobra, banded kraits, rats snakes, pythons or green Whip Snakes or keelbacks, & banded Wolf Snakes. Malabar & hump nosed pit viper smell trails are also tracked using this device.A cloudy monitor was eaten in Singapore. Birds and lizards are eaten when food is scarce. Rarely, a cobra’s strong body may restrict its victim. Its sluggish metabolism allows it to spend months without eating after a big meal.
This snake is quite docile. Slinking away from humans is its usual behaviour, however it has been seen defending eggs and battling intruders. When disturbed, it rises its fronts half, expands hood, and hisses loudly. Surprisingly placid when confronted, wild king cobras in Singapore erupted in self Defense.
The king cobras venom is extremely neurotoxic, and death may occur within 30 minutes after bite.
Most king cobra bite victims are snake charmers.
Bites by king cobras are exceedingly uncommon in Thailand.
In fact, many people mistake the king cobra’s hiss for a “growl” rather than a hiss. Instead of the usual 3,000-13,000 Hz hisses, The strongest frequency of a king cobra growls is at six hundred Hz, which is closer to the human voice than the 2,five thousand Hz used in most snake growls. King cobra growls. It was determined that the diverticula in king cobras and rat snakes operate as low frequency resonating chambers by comparing anatomical morphometric data.
Deforestation and agricultural expansion are destroying the king cobra’s habitat in Southeast Asia. Taking its flesh, skin, & traditional Chinese medicine from the animal is illegal, as is the taking of its eggs and young.
The king cobra is included in Appendix II of the CITES Endangered Species Convention. China and Vietnam defend it. India’s Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 lists it on Schedule II. Killing a king cobra carries a six-year sentence.